网球单打场地长
百度中文搜索引擎 網頁歌曲圖片
 英漢互譯:

●設為首頁 ●加入收藏 ●聯系站長

inflict, afflict用法區別-給力英語
  給力英語教學互動 → 語法詞匯 → inflict, afflict用法區別
發表新主題 回復帖子
瀏覽數:9543
   
star  發布日期: 08/9/1 21:04 : No.1

Are inflict and afflict in conflict? Quite a few commentators think so, and they warn us not to confuse the two. As is often true in these cases, the con­fusion is imaginary. What is perceived as confusion is in fact persistence of the oldest sense of inflict, which means the same as afflict.

Inflict typically occurs in  constructions in  which something is inflicted on, or upon, somebody:

... once in a great while I inflict it upon people — Thomas H. Middleton, Saturday Rev., August 1981

... I am resolved not to inflict boredom on even the most deserving —Oliver St. John Gogarty, It Isn't This Time of Year At All!, 1954

... a model knight on whom God suddenly inflicts leprosy—Times Literary Supp., 1 Dec. 1966

Afflict typically occurs in constructions in  which someone is afflicted with or by something:

I found myself afflicted with a sense of the staleness and glibness of my verse —Donald Hall, Goatfoot Milktongue Twinbird, 1978

Evelina is afflicted by a sense of responsibility for actions which she opposed —John Butt, English Lit­erature in the Mid-Eighteenth Century, edited & completed by Geoffrey Carnall, 1979

... how a composer's work is both aided and afflicted by the power of record companies —Lang-don Winner, N. Y. Times Book Rev., 17 April 1983

These are not the only constructions in use, but they are typical. And they match the guidelines set up by the commentators. The thing to note is that the typical direct object of inflict is some unpleasant circumstance and the typical direct object of afflict is a person. The older sense of inflict works just like afflict:

The miners are still out, and industry, as a result, is inflicted with a kind of creeping paralysis —Harold J. Laski, letter, 30 May 1926

... a sick man inflicted with an incurable ailment — Manchester Guardian Weekly, 20 Nov. 1936

... inflicting us with a meddlesome cub —Warwick Deeping, Sincerity, 1934

The dates of the examples, our most recent, are worth noticing. Maybe this older use is passing away, but we cannot be sure. At any rate it has never been very com­mon, and we do not recommend that you try to resur­rect it.

(資料出處:韋伯斯特英語用法詞典)


◎編輯 ◎刪除 ◎屏蔽 ◎引用 回首頁 | 回本版
訪客發帖

Copyright © 2005-2020,www.swwuhj.tw, All Rights Reserved
贛ICP備14008257號-1
网球单打场地长
盈富配资 四川快乐12开奖直 东方六加一开奖号码查询 炒股软件口碑排名 星悦麻将丽江卡二条 北京赛车pk10历史开奖 股票融资要求 下载四川熊猫麻将 英超足球队 配资安全